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Squash is a fast-paced, action-packed sport that requires a unique combination of strength, agility, and strategy. One of the most fascinating aspects of squash is the variety of playing styles that players can adopt depending on their strengths, weaknesses, and the situation on the court. From the aggressive and dynamic to the defensive and tactical, each style offers a different approach to the game and can be used to outwit and outmaneuver opponents. In this article, we will explore the different playing styles of squash and the pros and cons of each. Whether you’re a seasoned player or a beginner just starting out, understanding these styles can help you develop your own game and improve your chances of success on the court.

Quick Answer:
There are several different playing styles in squash, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. The most common styles are the “power game,” the “all-court game,” and the “counter-punching game.” The power game involves hitting the ball with great force and accuracy, often aiming for the corners of the court. The all-court game involves moving around the court and using a variety of shots to keep the opponent off balance. The counter-punching game involves waiting for the opponent to make a mistake and then capitalizing on it. Other styles include the “volley-drop game” and the “hybrid game,” which combine elements of the other styles. Ultimately, the best style for a player will depend on their strengths and weaknesses, as well as their opponent’s playing style.

Factors affecting playing style

Physical attributes


Height is an important physical attribute that can influence a player’s playing style in squash. Taller players may have an advantage in terms of reach and power, allowing them to hit harder and more accurately. However, shorter players can compensate by being more agile and having better footwork, which can enable them to move quickly and change direction more easily.


Reach is another physical attribute that can impact a player’s playing style in squash. Taller players may have a longer reach, which can allow them to hit balls that are further away from their body. This can be particularly useful when playing defensively, as it allows players to keep the ball in play for longer.


Speed is a crucial physical attribute in squash, as it allows players to move quickly around the court and recover quickly from movements in all directions. Players who are faster can cover more ground and get to balls that would otherwise be out of reach.


Endurance is another important physical attribute in squash, as matches can be physically demanding and can last up to 90 minutes or more. Players who have high endurance levels can maintain a high level of intensity throughout the match, which can help them to win more points and ultimately win the match.


Flexibility is an important physical attribute in squash, as it allows players to move quickly and change direction with ease. Players who are more flexible may be able to reach balls that are further away from their body and may also be able to hit balls with more accuracy.


Footwork is a crucial aspect of squash, as it allows players to move quickly and efficiently around the court. Players who have good footwork can cover more ground and get to balls that would otherwise be out of reach. Good footwork also enables players to change direction quickly and to hit balls with more accuracy.

Eye-hand coordination

Eye-hand coordination is a crucial physical attribute in squash, as it allows players to hit the ball with precision and accuracy. Players who have good eye-hand coordination can hit balls that are further away from their body and can also hit balls with more power. Good eye-hand coordination also enables players to anticipate their opponent’s movements and to react quickly to changes in the game.

Types of playing styles

Key takeaway: Different playing styles in squash require different physical attributes and strategies. Players can improve their skills by assessing their strengths and weaknesses, experimenting with different styles, seeking feedback from coaches and peers, and continuously improving and adapting to opponents.



Pushers are squash players who rely on precise shots to keep the ball in play, usually returning their opponent’s serve to the back of the court. They prefer to keep the ball low and away from their opponent’s power shots, aiming for accuracy and control rather than speed or power.


Pushers have several strengths that make them effective players. They are typically consistent and have excellent footwork, which allows them to cover the court well and return their opponent’s shots with ease. Pushers also tend to be very disciplined and focused, with strong mental and physical endurance. They are skilled at using the walls and angles of the court to their advantage, making it difficult for their opponents to gain control of the game.


While pushers have many strengths, they also have some weaknesses that can make it challenging for them to compete against more aggressive players. Pushers often struggle to take control of the game and may have difficulty closing out points or winning crucial rallies. They may also struggle to handle high-speed balls, which can make it difficult for them to counterattack against more powerful opponents.

Famous players

Some famous pushers in the world of squash include Jonah Barrington, Thierry Lincou, and Peter Nicol. These players are known for their technical skill and consistency, and have been successful at both the professional and amateur levels.

Training tips

To improve their skills as pushers, players should focus on developing their footwork, endurance, and shot accuracy. They should practice drills that require them to move quickly and accurately around the court, and work on improving their control and precision when hitting the ball. Pushers should also practice playing against different styles of opponents, in order to develop strategies for dealing with different playing styles. Additionally, they should work on developing their mental game, focusing on maintaining a calm and disciplined approach to the game.


Volleyers are a specific type of squash player who specializes in attacking their opponents with volleys, which are shots played without the ball bouncing on the floor. Volleyers are known for their exceptional footwork, speed, and ability to make quick decisions on the court. They often prefer to play close to the front wall and use the back wall to bounce the ball before volleying it back to their opponent.

Volleyers are highly effective in attacking their opponents and are difficult to counter. They have excellent hand-eye coordination and can make it challenging for their opponents to get into a rhythm. Volleyers also have a higher margin for error, as they can play defensively if needed, and recover quickly from losing the point.

Volleyers’ aggressive style of play can also be their weakness. If they make an error, it can lead to an easy point for their opponent. Volleyers are also more vulnerable to lobs and cross-court shots, as they are often closer to the front wall, making it easier for their opponents to hit these shots.

Some famous volleyers in the squash world include Ramy Ashour, James Willstrop, and Amr Swillam.

To become a successful volleyer, players need to focus on the following:

  • Footwork: Volleyers need to have quick feet and be able to move in any direction.
  • Hand-eye coordination: This skill is essential for volleyers, as they need to be able to hit the ball accurately and make quick decisions.
  • Shot selection: Volleyers should focus on playing a mix of shots, including drives, volleys, and drop shots, to keep their opponents guessing.
  • Mental toughness: Volleyers need to be mentally tough and able to bounce back quickly from mistakes or losing points.
  • Match fitness: Volleyers need to be in excellent physical condition to keep up with the fast pace of the game.

In addition to these tips, volleyers should work on their backhand volleys, as this shot is crucial to their style of play. They should also practice playing in tight spaces and learn how to recover quickly after making an error.

Drop shots

Drop shots are a fundamental technique in squash that involves hitting the ball in a downward trajectory, just above the opponent’s feet. This shot is often used to set up a series of shots and is particularly effective when the opponent is at the back of the court.

Drop shots have several strengths, including:

  • They allow players to control the pace of the game and force their opponents to react to their shots.
  • They can catch opponents off guard and result in unforced errors.
  • They can set up subsequent shots, such as volleys or drives, which can put the opponent in a vulnerable position.

However, drop shots also have some weaknesses, including:

  • They require a high level of accuracy and precision, as the ball must be placed in a specific location to be effective.
  • They can be easily blocked by opponents who are prepared for them.
  • They may not be suitable for players who lack the technique or strength to hit the ball with enough power to keep their opponent at the back of the court.

Many top professional squash players use drop shots effectively in their games, including:

  • Amr Swanzy
  • Nicol David
  • Ramy Ashour

To improve your drop shot, you should focus on the following training tips:

  • Practice your technique and aim in a controlled environment, such as a wall or a practice court.
  • Incorporate drop shots into your regular warm-up routine to improve your accuracy and consistency.
  • Play against opponents of varying skill levels to develop your ability to adapt to different playing styles.
  • Analyze your own games and those of your opponents to identify opportunities to use drop shots effectively.


Lobbers are a type of squash player who rely on a high-rising serve to put their opponents on the defensive. This style of play involves hitting the ball high up in the air, often above the opponent’s head, forcing them to move backwards and chase the ball. Lobbers often have a slower, more controlled game and try to tire out their opponents with their constant movement.

One of the main strengths of lobbers is their ability to control the pace of the game. By keeping the ball in play and forcing their opponents to cover long distances, lobbers can wear down their opponents over time. Additionally, lobbers are often good at defending against attacks from their opponents, as they are able to cover the court well and react to shots hit towards the front of the court.

The main weakness of lobbers is that they are often less effective in close-in rallies. Lobbers tend to struggle when their opponents come to the net, as they are not as comfortable with the shorter, more aggressive shots required in these situations. Additionally, lobbers may struggle against players who are more physically imposing, as they may not be able to handle the power and speed of their opponents’ shots.

Some famous players who have used a lobber style include Jonah Barrington, a former world number one from England, and Peter Nicol, a former world number one from Scotland.

Training tips for lobbers include practicing their high-rising serve and improving their court coverage skills. Lobbers should focus on moving well and getting into position to hit their shots, as well as developing their footwork and reaction time. Additionally, lobbers should work on developing their attacking shots, such as the volley and the drop shot, to improve their ability to control the pace of the game and take advantage of their opponents’ mistakes.


Attackers are players who rely on their speed, power, and accuracy to dominate the game. They typically play aggressively, taking the initiative to attack their opponents and force errors. Attackers focus on hitting hard and accurate shots, using their power to overwhelm their opponents and control the pace of the game.

The main strength of attackers is their ability to hit winners from anywhere on the court. They have excellent shot selection and can hit powerful and accurate shots with ease. Attackers also have great speed and agility, which allows them to get to balls that other players might not be able to reach.

The main weakness of attackers is that they can be predictable. If they always play aggressively, their opponents can learn to anticipate their shots and counterattack effectively. Attackers can also struggle with defense, as they are not used to playing a more passive style of play.

Some famous attackers in squash include Ramy Ashour, Amr Swillam, and Mohamed El Shorbagy.

To improve as an attacker, it is important to work on your shot selection and accuracy. Practice hitting shots with power and control, and focus on developing a solid backhand and volley. It is also important to work on your footwork and agility, as these skills will help you get to balls that are hit out of your reach. Finally, it is important to practice your defense and learn how to play a more passive style of play when necessary.


All-rounders are players who possess a well-rounded skill set, with no significant weaknesses or strengths. They are known for their adaptability and versatility on the court, enabling them to excel in various aspects of the game. Their style is characterized by a balance between offensive and defensive play, making them difficult opponents to face.

  1. Adaptability: All-rounders can adjust their game strategy according to the opponent’s style, making it challenging for them to predict the player’s next move.
  2. Versatility: All-rounders can effectively play different roles on the court, such as front or back court, which allows them to cover a broader area and maintain a high level of control over the game.
  3. Mental toughness: All-rounders are often mentally strong, which helps them to remain focused and consistent under pressure, enabling them to perform well in both offensive and defensive situations.

  4. Lack of specialization: All-rounders may not have the same level of expertise as players who specialize in a specific aspect of the game, such as attack or defense.

  5. Limited potential for improvement: All-rounders may have reached a plateau in their development, as they have already achieved a high level of proficiency in various skills, making it more challenging to improve further.

Some famous all-rounders in the history of squash include:

  1. Jonah Barrington: A former world No. 1 player from England, known for his versatile and aggressive playing style.
  2. Sarah-Jane Perry: A professional squash player from England, who is known for her well-rounded skills and ability to adapt to different playing styles.

To develop an all-round playing style, consider the following training tips:

  1. Cross-training: Incorporate various training exercises that target different aspects of the game, such as fitness, agility, and tactical skills.
  2. Mental training: Work on your mental toughness by practicing visualization, relaxation techniques, and stress management strategies.
  3. Match analysis: Analyze your matches to identify areas where you can improve your all-round game, such as focusing on specific shots or tactics.
  4. Practice adaptability: Play against different opponents with varying playing styles to develop your ability to adjust your game accordingly.

Developing your playing style

Assessing your strengths and weaknesses

In order to develop a successful playing style in squash, it is important to first assess your individual strengths and weaknesses. This process can help you identify your unique abilities and areas that need improvement, which can be crucial in developing a personalized strategy for success on the court.

To begin, it is important to understand that everyone has different physical and mental abilities, as well as different playing preferences. For example, some players may excel at short, quick shots, while others may prefer longer, more powerful swings. Understanding your own tendencies and preferences can help you identify your strengths and weaknesses, and can also help you develop a strategy that plays to your strengths.

In addition to assessing your physical abilities, it is also important to consider your mental strengths and weaknesses. Squash is a mentally demanding sport, and being able to focus, stay calm under pressure, and think strategically can all play a significant role in your success on the court.

To assess your strengths and weaknesses, it can be helpful to seek feedback from a coach or a more experienced player. They can provide an objective perspective on your game and can help you identify areas that need improvement, as well as areas where you excel. Additionally, self-reflection and self-analysis can also be valuable tools in this process.

Overall, assessing your strengths and weaknesses is an important step in developing a successful playing style in squash. By understanding your unique abilities and areas for improvement, you can develop a personalized strategy that will help you achieve success on the court.

Experimenting with different styles

Experimenting with different playing styles is a crucial aspect of developing your squash game. Trying out different styles can help you find the one that best suits your strengths and weaknesses, allowing you to become a more effective player.

One way to experiment with different styles is to watch professional squash matches and observe the different playing styles of top players. This can give you an idea of the various techniques and strategies used by successful squash players.

Another way to experiment with different styles is to play with different people who have different playing styles. This can help you learn new techniques and adapt your own style to better suit your opponents.

It’s also important to experiment with different equipment, such as different racquets and strings, to find the one that best suits your playing style. Different equipment can affect your technique and ability to control the ball, so it’s important to find the right equipment for your game.

Ultimately, experimenting with different styles is about finding what works best for you. It’s important to be open-minded and willing to try new things, but also to trust your instincts and stick with what feels most comfortable for you.

Seeking feedback from coaches and peers

One of the most effective ways to develop your playing style in squash is by seeking feedback from coaches and peers. Here are some ways you can get the most out of this feedback:

  1. Be open to criticism: One of the most important things you can do when seeking feedback is to be open to criticism. It can be difficult to hear negative feedback, but it’s essential to remember that it’s not personal. Instead, it’s an opportunity to improve your game.
  2. Ask specific questions: When seeking feedback, it’s important to ask specific questions. This will help you get the information you need to make changes to your game. For example, you might ask your coach to watch your footwork during a match and provide feedback on areas where you can improve.
  3. Be willing to make changes: Feedback is only useful if you’re willing to make changes based on it. If your coach suggests that you need to work on your footwork, be willing to spend extra time practicing your footwork drills.
  4. Practice with different players: Another way to get feedback is by practicing with different players. Each player has their own unique style, and by practicing with them, you can learn new techniques and strategies.
  5. Be patient: Developing a playing style takes time and patience. It’s important to remember that it’s a process, and it’s okay to make mistakes along the way. As long as you’re willing to put in the work and listen to feedback, you’ll continue to improve over time.

Continuously improving and adapting to opponents

In order to become a successful squash player, it is important to continuously improve and adapt to your opponents. This means developing a flexible playing style that allows you to adjust to different opponents and situations on the court.

Here are some tips for continuously improving and adapting to opponents:

  • Study your opponents: Before playing a match, take the time to observe your opponent’s playing style and look for weaknesses that you can exploit. Pay attention to their strengths and weaknesses, their playing habits, and their physical and mental tendencies.
  • Analyze your own game: In addition to studying your opponents, it is also important to analyze your own game. Identify your strengths and weaknesses, and work on improving your weaknesses. Knowing your own game well will help you make informed decisions on the court and play to your strengths.
  • Be adaptable: In squash, the ability to adapt to changing situations is crucial. This means being able to adjust your playing style depending on the opponent’s strengths and weaknesses. For example, if your opponent is a powerful player, you may need to focus on defensive tactics and counter-attacking. If your opponent is a weaker player, you may be able to take a more aggressive approach.
  • Stay focused: Squash is a fast-paced sport that requires mental focus and concentration. In order to continuously improve and adapt to opponents, it is important to stay focused on the game and avoid distractions. This means staying mentally present on the court and being aware of your opponent’s movements and tactics.
  • Practice regularly: Finally, the key to continuously improving and adapting to opponents is to practice regularly. This means dedicating time to training and improving your skills, as well as playing matches against a variety of opponents to gain experience and develop your playing style. By regularly practicing and playing, you will develop the skills and flexibility needed to adapt to different opponents and situations on the court.


1. What are the different playing styles of squash?

There are generally three main playing styles in squash: the attacking style, the defensive style, and the all-court style.

2. What is the attacking style in squash?

The attacking style is characterized by aggressive play, with the player constantly moving forward and attempting to hit the ball hard and deep into the opponent’s court. This style is often used by players who are physically fit and have strong shot-making skills.

3. What is the defensive style in squash?

The defensive style is characterized by a more passive approach, with the player retreating backwards and using their racket to block or redirect the opponent’s shots. This style is often used by players who are more tactical and skilled at positioning themselves on the court.

4. What is the all-court style in squash?

The all-court style is a combination of the attacking and defensive styles, with the player using both aggressive and passive tactics depending on the situation. This style is often used by players who are well-rounded and skilled at both attacking and defending.

5. Can a player switch between playing styles during a match?

Yes, a player can switch between playing styles during a match depending on the situation. For example, a player may start with an attacking style but switch to a more defensive style if they are behind in the game.

6. Is one playing style better than the others?

There is no one “best” playing style in squash, as each style has its own strengths and weaknesses. The most successful players are often those who can adapt their style to the situation and opponent they are facing.

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